The Santa Fe National Forest is starting a restoration project along the Rio Grande near the old town of Buckman.
Forest officials say the project involves recreation enhancement and habitation restoration, including the removal of non-native species such as salt cedar and Russian olive trees on 34 acres.
Trailheads will also be designated.
The decision to move forward with the project stems from years of collaboration with the Bureau of Land Management and the New Mexico Wildlife Federation.
During the environmental review, forest officials say concerns were raised about the safety of encouraging recreation in an area where legacy contamination from Los Alamos National Laboratory has been found.
Other concerns included the proposed use of herbicides to get rid of the non-native vegetation. Officials found there was low risk to public safety.