Albuquerque, NM – 21 U-S states allow their public school districts to use paddling as punishment if they choose. In New Mexico, between a third and a half of the districts currently make the choice to use it. Last month, lawmakers in Santa Fe narrowly passed a bill that would prohibit corporal punishment in all districts. It's not clear whether Governor Martinez will sign it. Steve Adelsheim is an Albuquerque child psychiatrist and counselor at large for the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. He also worked at one time as the director of school mental health programs for the state. He says simply, in the schools, corporal punishment "doesn't work".