Ari Shapiro http://kunm.org en It's Not Whisky, But Everyone In Scotland Drinks It By The Bottle http://kunm.org/post/its-not-whisky-everyone-scotland-drinks-it-bottle For a visitor to Scotland, it can be difficult to understand the local passion for a neon orange soda that locals call "the brew." The drink is Irn Bru (pronounced "iron brew").<p>You can find it from McDonald's to corner stores and pubs across Scotland. It is such a powerful force that it may even outsell Coca-Cola here — making it one of the few places on the globe where Coke isn't the leading brand.<p>"This stuff runs in my blood," says Chris Young, as he walks through downtown Glasgow carrying a bottle.<p>Perhaps he's not a fair sample, though, since he is actually drinking the stuff. Wed, 27 Aug 2014 18:35:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 49928 at http://kunm.org It's Not Whisky, But Everyone In Scotland Drinks It By The Bottle Report Details 16 Years Of 'Horrific Abuse' Of Children In U.K. Town http://kunm.org/post/report-details-16-years-horrific-abuse-children-uk-town An investigation out on Tuesday documents the abuse of more than 1,400 children in Rotherham, England, and says local authorities were aware of the problem for years and did not respond.<p>Alexis Jay, who authored <a href="http://www.rotherham.gov.uk/downloads/file/1407/independent_inquiry_cse_in_rotherham" target="_blank">the report</a>, used to be chief inspector of social work in Scotland.<p>She's seen a lot. Tue, 26 Aug 2014 21:37:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 49893 at http://kunm.org Report Details 16 Years Of 'Horrific Abuse' Of Children In U.K. Town Scotland's Independence Vote And The Fate Of Britain's Nuclear Subs http://kunm.org/post/scotlands-independence-vote-and-fate-britains-nuclear-subs After 300 years in the United Kingdom, Scotland votes next month on whether to break the union, which raises many questions. One is particularly meaningful in the town of Helensburgh, in Western Scotland: What will happen to the U.K.'s nuclear weapons?<p>The Trident submarine program is based in Scotland, at Faslane naval base.<p>From a hill just outside Helensburgh, you can gaze down on the base: a beehive of boats and cars humming along the inlet called Gare Loch. More than 6,000 people work there, making it Scotland's largest military facility. Sat, 23 Aug 2014 06:30:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 49738 at http://kunm.org Scotland's Independence Vote And The Fate Of Britain's Nuclear Subs European Fighters Take On More Prominent Roles In The Islamic State http://kunm.org/post/european-fighters-take-more-prominent-roles-islamic-state British authorities are trying to identify the masked man who executed American photojournalist James Foley in a video that has caused massive global reaction.<p>The man — who appears wearing all black, holding a knife, and wearing a gun holster — speaks in an accent that linguists say sounds like someone from East or South London. The video yields other clues to the man's identity, such as his height and the fact that he's left-handed.<p>British intelligence agencies are now trying to ascertain whether the killer is one of the roughly 500 British citizens who have left the U.K. Thu, 21 Aug 2014 20:10:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 49687 at http://kunm.org European Fighters Take On More Prominent Roles In The Islamic State It's Sunrise In London And Time For A Rave http://kunm.org/post/its-sunrise-london-and-time-rave At 6:30 in the morning, not many people have dancing on their mind. Freshly brewed coffee, perhaps, or the papers. Maybe some public radio. But not a party.<p>On a street in East London, however, the sun is rising over the rooftops, and a line of people are waiting to get into a warehouse. Most were fast asleep an hour ago, but by now they're wearing fluorescent neon tights, brightly colored headbands and leggings. Some have decorated themselves with face paint.<p>They're on their way to Morning Gloryville, a sober sunrise rave that started just over a year ago in this very location. Tue, 12 Aug 2014 08:00:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 49253 at http://kunm.org It's Sunrise In London And Time For A Rave In Gaza, A Glimmer Of Hope For Cease-Fire Is Snuffed Out Early http://kunm.org/post/gaza-glimmer-hope-cease-fire-snuffed-out-early <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=In+Gaza%2C+A+Glimmer+Of+Hope+For+Cease-Fire+Is+Snuffed+Out+Early&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDA3OTgyNDI4MDEzMTM0MjQzMTZlNDI0Mg004)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>ARI SHAPIRO, HOST: <p>A glimmer of hope in the battle in Gaza quickly vanished today. A three-day cease-fire had barely begun when fighting resume. And today the conflict took an ominous turn that is almost sure to prolong the fighting and complicate attempts at peace. Fri, 01 Aug 2014 20:01:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48832 at http://kunm.org Why Are Theater Tickets Cheaper On The West End Than On Broadway? http://kunm.org/post/why-are-theater-tickets-cheaper-west-end-broadway It's a Wednesday afternoon in London and a bunch of kids are standing outside a West End theater, giddily unaware that their parents have just shelled out a lot of money for the experience they're about to have. A giant sign over their heads shows a silhouette of a girl standing on a swing, her hair flying behind her in the wind — it's a matinee performance of <em>Matilda</em>.<p>More than 3,000 miles away on the same Wednesday afternoon, the same scene plays out on Broadway. It's the same show, with equally excited kids. Wed, 30 Jul 2014 21:24:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48740 at http://kunm.org An Uneasy End To Ramadan In Gaza, Where Fighting Intensifies Once More http://kunm.org/post/uneasy-end-ramadan-gaza-where-fighting-intensifies-once-more <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=An+Uneasy+End+To+Ramadan+In+Gaza%2C+Where+Fighting+Intensifies+Once+More&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDA4MDc0NDkyMDEzMTQ4ODU0MTE0OGNiNg004)"/></div><p> Mon, 28 Jul 2014 20:09:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48631 at http://kunm.org The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Remixed And Retweeted http://kunm.org/post/israeli-palestinian-conflict-remixed-and-retweeted <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cBY-0n4esNY</p><p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YZjxsloZ3HU</p> Sat, 19 Jul 2014 21:40:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48257 at http://kunm.org The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Remixed And Retweeted Israeli Forces Move Into Gaza, 'Terrorist Tunnels' In Cross Hairs http://kunm.org/post/israeli-forces-move-gaza-terrorist-tunnels-cross-hairs NPR's Ari Shapiro reports on the latest news from the Gaza Strip, where Israel has undertaken a ground invasion against Hamas operatives. It's the first time in five years that the Israeli military has conducted a ground operation. Fri, 18 Jul 2014 20:19:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48212 at http://kunm.org On Two Sides, Two Funerals — While Death Toll Mounts In Gaza http://kunm.org/post/two-sides-two-funerals-while-death-toll-mounts-gaza As the violence between Hamas and Israel continues, so too do the funerals that come in its wake. NPR correspondents Ari Shapiro and Emily Harris attended two such funerals today, in Tel Aviv and Gaza respectively, and they tell of what they learned there. Wed, 16 Jul 2014 20:19:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48112 at http://kunm.org A Brief Lull Shatters In Gaza, As Cease-Fire Falls Apart http://kunm.org/post/brief-lull-shatters-gaza-cease-fire-falls-apart An attempt at a cease-fire between Israel and Hamas has broken down. Hamas rejected the terms of the cease-fire, and Israel renewed its campaign of air strikes on the Gaza Strip. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 20:21:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48050 at http://kunm.org Israeli-Gaza Conflict Squeezes Palestinian Leader On All Sides http://kunm.org/post/israeli-gaza-conflict-squeezes-palestinian-leader-all-sides While the Israel-Gaza conflict pits Israelis against Palestinians, it has also increased stress within the Palestinian leadership.<p>The Gaza Strip is run by Hamas, which the U.S. considers a terrorist group and favors a strategy of resistance. Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:40:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48015 at http://kunm.org Israeli-Gaza Conflict Squeezes Palestinian Leader On All Sides Between Hamas And Israel, What Might An Endgame Look Like? http://kunm.org/post/between-hamas-and-israel-end-game-remains-unclear The last time Israel and Hamas fought each other was 2012. Back then, the conflict lasted eight days.<p>Tuesday marks the eighth day of the current conflict between Israel and Hamas, which raises the question: What might it take to bring this fight to a close?<p>Both Israel and Hamas say they are unwilling to sign on to a straightforward, put-down-your-weapons, bare-bones ceasefire. Mon, 14 Jul 2014 20:15:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 48002 at http://kunm.org Between Hamas And Israel, What Might An Endgame Look Like? Among Israelis, Pressure Swells To Commence Ground War In Gaza http://kunm.org/post/among-israelis-pressure-swells-commence-ground-war-gaza Transcript <p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>As we mentioned, no Israelis have been killed by rocket fire, but one strike today did cause severe injuries and damage. Around 8:30 in the morning local time, a rocket struck a gas station in Ashdod. One man was sent to the hospital seriously wounded. NPR's Ari Shapiro reports this increases the internal pressure on Israel to stage a ground invasion.<p>ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: A taxi driver Avram Ayash, comes to this gas station every day. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 20:11:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47891 at http://kunm.org Israel's Rocket Defense System Performs Well During Gaza Escalation http://kunm.org/post/israels-rocket-defense-system-performs-well-during-gaza-escalation Israel's military says its rocket defense system, known as Iron Dome, has kept the country safe from Hamas rockets. The missile shield system may have its critics, but Israelis are still proud. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47857 at http://kunm.org On Opposite Sides Of Israeli-Gaza Border, Feeling The Same Fears http://kunm.org/post/opposite-sides-israeli-gaza-border-feeling-same-fears More than 50 Palestinians have been killed and 450 wounded in <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/07/09/330059942/israel-strikes-gaza-again-as-violence-and-death-toll-escalate">Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip</a>. Meanwhile, rockets continue to fly toward Israel from Gaza, but so far, no Israelis have been reported killed.<p>For people living in and around the Gaza Strip, this conflict has turned daily routines upside down. Wed, 09 Jul 2014 21:05:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47768 at http://kunm.org On Opposite Sides Of Israeli-Gaza Border, Feeling The Same Fears In Jerusalem, And Caught In A Crossfire Of Thrown Stones http://kunm.org/post/jerusalem-and-caught-crossfire-thrown-stones Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Robert Siegel. Fighting continues today between Israelis and Palestinians. Israel said that Hamas militants fired dozens of rockets into southern Israel. There were no serious injuries reported. That came after Israeli airstrikes in Gaza overnight. Israel denies Hamas claims that those strikes killed some militants. Mon, 07 Jul 2014 20:19:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47658 at http://kunm.org A Scottish Yarn: A Knit In Time Saves The Fabric Of Shetland Life http://kunm.org/post/scottish-yarn-knit-time-saves-fabric-shetland-life Drive around the Shetland Islands in the far north of Scotland, and at least one thing is immediately apparent: It's home to a lot of sheep. They're everywhere — wandering along the roadsides and on beaches.<p>In fact, there are some 400,000 of them in Shetland, where the ovine inhabitants outnumber the human ones 20 to 1.<p>So if you're invited to someone's home for dinner, lamb will likely be on the table. And if you're wearing a local scarf or mittens, chances are it was made out of Shetland wool.<p>Here in Shetland, knitting is not a hobby reserved for grannies or for hipsters. Wed, 02 Jul 2014 21:18:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47466 at http://kunm.org A Scottish Yarn: A Knit In Time Saves The Fabric Of Shetland Life In Shetland, Oil Shapes Debate Over Scottish Independence http://kunm.org/post/shetland-oil-shapes-debate-over-scottish-independence In September, Scotland will vote on whether to break away from the United Kingdom and declare independence.<p>So far, the debate has been largely about money: One poll says most voters would switch their vote if it meant an extra 500 pounds, or around $800 dollars.<p>North Sea oil and gas are central to this economic debate — nowhere more so than in the remote Shetland Islands, many miles from the Scottish mainland, where tankers carrying North Sea oil come ashore. Mon, 30 Jun 2014 07:44:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47315 at http://kunm.org In Shetland, Oil Shapes Debate Over Scottish Independence The Shifting Legacy Of The Man Who Shot Franz Ferdinand http://kunm.org/post/shifting-legacy-man-who-shot-franz-ferdinand A hundred years ago Saturday, <a href="http://www.npr.org/2014/06/27/325516359/a-century-ago-in-sarajevo-a-plot-a-farce-and-a-fateful-shot">Gavrilo Princip shot the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne</a>. That event triggered World War I, charting the course for the 20th century. Fri, 27 Jun 2014 19:52:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47244 at http://kunm.org The Shifting Legacy Of The Man Who Shot Franz Ferdinand A Century Ago In Sarajevo: A Plot, A Farce And A Fateful Shot http://kunm.org/post/century-ago-sarajevo-plot-farce-and-fateful-shot The shot that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was fired a hundred years ago this weekend.<p>The assassination in Sarajevo, on June 28, 1914, triggered World War I and changed the course of the 20th century. The consequences of that act were devastating. But the beginning of the story sounds almost like a farce — complete with bad aim, botched poisoning and a wrong turn on the road.<p>Today, in the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina, you don't have to hunt around for the spot where it all took place. Fri, 27 Jun 2014 07:23:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47223 at http://kunm.org A Century Ago In Sarajevo: A Plot, A Farce And A Fateful Shot A Century From Archduke's Death, Spotlight Turns Back To Bosnia http://kunm.org/post/century-archdukes-death-spotlight-turns-back-bosnia Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>People from around the world are in Sarajevo this week to mark 100 years since the gunshot that changed history. On June 28, 1914, a young assassin killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, triggering the First World War. Bosnia is hosting concerts, conferences and art exhibitions to mark the centenary. NPR's Ari Shapiro reports from Sarajevo on what locals make of the big commemoration.<p>ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: In the heart of Sarajevo's old city, the Markale market is a bustling place. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 20:20:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 47204 at http://kunm.org In London, An Underground Home For The World's Mosquitoes http://kunm.org/post/london-underground-home-worlds-mosquitoes You can't hear it over the noise of London's traffic. But it's there. That faint, whining hum. Right under my feet, thousands of mosquitoes are dining on human blood.<p>To visit them, you have to go through a sliding glass door into the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. This school started as a hospital on the Thames River, where doctors treated sailors returning from faraway places with strange parasites.<p>Today, the building holds countless exotic diseases that you hope you'll never catch. The mosquitoes carry just a few of them, and their keeper is an entomologist named Dr. Sun, 15 Jun 2014 08:35:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 46650 at http://kunm.org In London, An Underground Home For The World's Mosquitoes Across Europe, Anti-Uber Protests Clog City Streets http://kunm.org/post/across-europe-anti-uber-protests-clog-city-streets In capital cities across Europe, taxi drivers took to the streets without passengers Wednesday afternoon. They slowed to a snail's pace in what Parisians called "Operation Escargot." Horns blared around Trafalgar Square in London. In Berlin, taxis massed at the Central Station. All to protest the smartphone app Uber.<p>"We've opened Frankfurt last week, we've opened Lille in France, which is our third city this week. Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:49:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 46482 at http://kunm.org Across Europe, Anti-Uber Protests Clog City Streets A London Summit Tackles A Problem As Old As War Itself http://kunm.org/post/london-summit-tackles-problem-old-war-itself For centuries, governments around the world have often treated sexual violence as an unpreventable fact of war. Books from the Bible to the Iliad talk about rape and pillaging as an inevitable part of conflict. Now that attitude is beginning to change.<p>As evidence, you can look at the global outrage when hundreds of Nigerian girls were recently kidnapped. Or you can look at a conference that began in London on Tuesday. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 17:30:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 46418 at http://kunm.org A London Summit Tackles A Problem As Old As War Itself In Leap From Page To Stage, UK's Take On 'Catch-22' Gets It Right http://kunm.org/post/leap-page-stage-uks-take-catch-22-gets-it-right <em>Catch-22</em> is widely considered a great novel; until now, it has been a disaster as a play. Though Joseph Heller adapted his work for the stage decades ago, every production had been a failure. Now, however, a new production of his play seems to have broken the curse: It is touring the UK and receiving strong reviews. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Thu, 05 Jun 2014 21:06:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 46239 at http://kunm.org To Win, Wear Red: Physicist Hawking Advises England's World Cup Squad http://kunm.org/post/win-wear-red-physicist-hawking-advises-englands-world-cup-squad <p>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJFQ1QG5Hno</p> Wed, 28 May 2014 16:32:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 45858 at http://kunm.org To Win, Wear Red: Physicist Hawking Advises England's World Cup Squad World's Richest People Meet, Muse On How To Spread The Wealth http://kunm.org/post/worlds-richest-people-meet-muse-how-spread-wealth Talk of economic mobility and the wealth gap is hardly new. From the Occupy movement to President Obama's re-election campaign, income inequality has been in the spotlight for years.<p>Even so, the <a href="http://www.inclusivecapitalism.org/">"inclusive capitalism" conference</a> in London on Tuesday broke new ground. Not because of the conversation, but because of the people having it.<p>The 250 people from around the world invited to attend this one-day conference do not represent "the 99 percent," or even the 1 percent. Tue, 27 May 2014 18:38:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 45806 at http://kunm.org World's Richest People Meet, Muse On How To Spread The Wealth Killed The Mockingbird? American Classics Cut From British Reading List http://kunm.org/post/killed-mockingbird-american-classics-cut-british-reading-list For decades, British students have grown up reading the American classics <em>To Kill A Mockingbird, Of Mice and Men </em>and <em>The Crucible.</em> Now, if students want to read those books, it will be on their own time. Harper Lee, John Steinbeck and Arthur Miller are out — perhaps replaced by the likes of Charles Dickens, Jane Austen and George Eliot.<p>British Education Secretary Michael Gove has decided that the English literature list for a national exam needs to be more English, so he is swapping American texts in the curriculum for British ones. Mon, 26 May 2014 12:57:00 +0000 Ari Shapiro 45750 at http://kunm.org Killed The Mockingbird? American Classics Cut From British Reading List